In India, every year lakhs of graduates join the rat-race of getting lucrative jobs, but do not possess the requisite skills to sustain in the market. India is a home to the world’s largest number of engineering colleges, but we do not have any technological innovations / entrepreneurs to generate jobs. Isn’t this a paradox situation?
Problem lies in the roots of our education system which as recognized by many eminent educationists is more focused on theoretical knowledge and does not change itself with the requirements of the future jobs and technological changes happening across this dynamic world. Ages ago, Indian education system was more prevalent to the societal changes. Pandavs were taught both, the skills required by them to fight in the war and the soft skills for which they are a benchmark. They were custom made for the jobs at hand. Similarly, Chanakya with his modest education turned an ordinary child into the most renowned king of India by teaching him the skills required to be a great ruler.
Rabindranath Tagore recognized this problem and had written long articles on Indian education system. He quoted, “If education is not easy and lifelike, social development is not possible”. This anxiety and apprehension is asserted in various writings of Tagore.
As per a survey by a large publishing firm, 57% of the youth is unemployable. Does this alarm a bell in the Indian system which is so proud of its demographic dividend? It’s all about marks and rankings that has been rated important and the same has been imbibed in the minds of students. Practical knowledge and skill based education is far away from the students studying in schools, colleges and universities. Schools and colleges must pay attention to case studies, research based assignment, field work assignments so that students learn about problem solving on their own.
The best example of rote learning taught in Indian schools, colleges and universities is that the idea of starting up E-Commerce giant in India was influenced by an idea that was so famous and already working in Western countries, the only thing good about it is that they brought this to our nation and capture the market. This is because that our education rarely promotes innovation. Colleges and Universities are not aligning the job market with the skills that are required to generate or perform jobs. The lack of basic infrastructure to promote the innovation and discouragement from the people responsible to groom a prodigy is slowing the growth in our country.
Other problem in the system is the outdated syllabus. With quantity there is an urgent need of quality. Lots of technological changes taking place should be updated in the syllabus as per the industrial and technological development.
Teachers have a very important role to play in eradicating this problem. However, most of the times it is seen that teachers are not interested in developing the future generation. In villages and Tier 3 cities, the gurus are not qualified and they are hired just because of their surnames or caste and sometimes political backing rather than the skills they possess. It is very important to make an antidote for this virus first rather than blaming students. If a good teacher can pass his learning in a selfless way to the next generation then there is no gift better than this to the nation.
There is an immediate need to look into the factors hindering the educational revolution that should take place in India so as to keep the economy climbing and people earning / generating the jobs they can be proud of. Educational practitioners should bring a revolution in education industry and frame policies for new education system with the intent of developing entrepreneurs, scientist, thinkers, artists, and writers to create a knowledge-based economy and world-class country and understand that “Marks are never a true reflection of a person’s ability”.